In an effort to understand the potential long-term effects of COVID-19 on consumer behavior, including brand switching and brand/service usage, the Zion & Zion research team conducted a nationwide survey of 509 consumers. Our research indicates that consumer trial of new brands, forced by shortages due to COVID-19 was high—ranging from 36.9% for personal hygiene products to 68.0% for paper products. Our research further highlights that, of consumers that were forced to trial new brands during the COVID-19 situation, 53.0% to 70.8% (depending upon the product category) expect to continue to use the new brand post-COVID-19. The data for this study was collected between Friday, May 1, 2020 and Monday, May 4, 2020, when most states’ stay-at-home orders were still in effect.


When COVID-19 hit, many people flooded stores to stock up on essential items, leaving numerous items out of stock or in limited quantities for weeks to come. Our research shows that more than half of the respondents tried a new brand of paper products (e.g., paper towels, toilet paper), cleaning supplies (e.g., disinfecting wipes, spray cleaners) and consumer packaged food items (e.g., yogurt, bread, peanut butter) because their regular brand was out of stock due to COVID-19.

Even more noteworthy is the fact that a sizable percentage of those that trialed new brands during the COVID-19 situation, plan to continue purchasing the new brand once the COVID-19 situation subsides. While 70.8% of people will stick with a new personal hygiene product (e.g., shampoo, deodorant) instead of switching back to their old brand, 53.0% of people will stick with their new paper product brand; 61.8% of people will stick with their new cleaning supply brand; and 65.2% of people will stick with their new consumer packaged food brand.


Before COVID-19, most people got their groceries by shopping in-store. With the onset of COVID-19, grocery shopping came to be seen as riskier than before, leading people to explore alternative methods of shopping. Not unexpectedly, our study showed that 48.1% of people changed their primary grocery shopping method during COVID-19.

However, the degree of expected long-term shifts in grocery shopping behavior is dramatic. According to our research, online grocery ordering for delivery will more than double, leaping from 9.7% pre-COVID-19 to an expected 21.3% post COVID-19, and online ordering for pick-up will nearly double, making the jump from 5.6% to 10.7%. Meanwhile in-store shopping will drop dramatically, falling from 82.5% of people primarily getting their groceries in-store pre-COVID-19, to 65.5% post-COVID-19.


Stay-at-home orders have been in place all over the country. But as these orders are lifted and people are no longer required to shelter in place, how soon will they return to the businesses they frequented? Will they attend events? Will they get right back into traveling? We explore those questions in the following sections.


To establish a benchmark for our analysis, we first asked people how comfortable they were with visiting several types of businesses before COVID-19 (grocery stores, restaurants/bars, retail stores, movie theaters, beauty salons, gyms and casinos). For those who indicated they were very comfortable, we then looked at how soon they would feel comfortable returning to those types of businesses after COVID-19.

When looking at the breakdown below, we can see that Americans are most hesitant to return to movie theaters and casinos, with only 13.6% of people expecting to feel comfortable at movie theaters immediately after COVID-19 and only 17.8% at casinos. Grocery stores and retail stores are the first places consumers will return to with 52.4% of people expecting to feel comfortable either immediately or within a month after COVID-19 at grocery stores. This figure was 47.6% for retail stores. Interestingly, movie theaters suffer the most with 15.0% of people indicating that they will not be comfortable returning to a theater until a year or more has passed. Restaurants and bars fall in the middle of the pack on most of our categories (see figure).


Next, we looked at the people who, before COVID-19, were very comfortable with attending events: sporting events, concerts and educational classes/seminars.

Educational classes/seminars will be the first events that people will return to with 20.0% of respondents saying they will return immediately, closely followed by sporting events at 19.9%. People are more hesitant to attend concerts with only 12.6% of people saying they would feel comfortable attending a concert immediately after COVID-19, and it could be six months to a year before concerts approach 70% attendance.


We then examined our data regarding people who were very comfortable with the following travel-related activities before COVID-19 hit: taking a road trip, staying at a hotel, flying on an airplane, using rideshare apps, taking public transportation, taking a cruise and staying at an Airbnb.

While 46.4% of respondents indicated that they would be comfortable taking a road trip immediately or within a month after COVID-19, only 27.8% are comfortable boarding an airplane in the same two timeframes. Our data also showed that people are slightly more comfortable with staying in a hotel (12.3% will do so immediately) as opposed to an Airbnb (8.9%); and they are more comfortable immediately with taking an Uber or Lyft (15.3%) than taking public transportation (13.4%). People are most hesitant to take a cruise with 23.8% of people saying they will not feel comfortable with this type of vacation for a year or more.


As expected, as the size of the group grows, so does the timeframe in which people will feel comfortable being in that group after COVID-19 has passed. While 28.1% of people in our study expect to be comfortable with gathering in groups of 1-10 other people immediately after the stay-at-home order in their state is lifted, it will take a year or more for 27.2% of people to feel comfortable with gatherings larger than 500.


We also found that as of the date of this study, a large percentage of people are not comfortable with hiring home services professionals, even if they had a problem in their home. 36.0% of people have some degree of discomfort with a handyman/repairman, 33.4% for HVAC technicians, and 34.4% for plumbers.


While many of the statistics presented in this study are not what businesses would wish for, they do represent consumers’ current thinking about how they will feel over the coming weeks as we return to normalcy. However, there are bright spots, with our already-service-driven economy accelerating its transition to online services such as grocery shopping via web/app for home delivery. We have also witnessed the adoption of services such as video conferencing and video streaming; and we expect that the new normal will continue to bring with it additional opportunities for new business models and innovation.